Criteria for tooth reduction. This can be accomplished with the help of depth grooves. Fig. T, The completed preparation. Restoration: Preparation Area: Bur: Full metal crown *Occlusal reduction & functional cusp bevel: Coarse grit round end tapered diamond *Proximal axial reduction: Medium grit short needle diamond & coarse grit round end tapered diamond PFM crown like: inadequate incisal or occlusal reduction, inadequate axial reduction, presence of undercuts, deficient finish line, and existence of sharp lines and/or angles. 1. Minimum recommended clearance is 1 mm on nonfunctional cusps and 1.5 mm on functional cusps. The occlusal reduction must allow adequate room for the restorative material from which the cast crown is to be fabricated. A. Occlusal Surface Reduction The goal of occlusal reduction is to provide 1.0 mm uniform reduction of occlusal Ranier M. Adarve, DMD, MS, MHPE University of Minnesota School of Dentistry 3 surface and following the contour of the tooth. Considering the durability and somewhat aesthetics, PFM crowns have been the material of choice for single crowns and bridges for many years. PFM #12 Occlusal Reduction • 1.5 mm • Provide Adequate Occlusal Clearance • Occlusal Planar Reduction Lingual Reduction • Remove anatomical undercut 3-degree taper ... (PFM) Crown Preparation for Posterior Teeth Full Crown Module: Learner Level 1 . 1mm (pink) commonly used for gold crowns; 1.5mm (green) commonly used for PFM crowns; 2mm (blue) commonly used … That being said, new ceramics such as lithium disilicate glass-ceramic and zirconia are rapidly replacing PFM. 9-3. The features of a preparation for a complete cast crown and the function served by each . • Second plane of reduction in occlusal 1/3 prevents over-thinning of the crown >1.2 mm >1.5 mm CAD/CAM Preparations . Guiding grooves are placed for axial reduction. B, Occlusal depth cuts. Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns require a greater amount of tooth reduction (trimming) than their all-metal counterparts. Conventional 2-plane occlusal reduction for PFM crown . E and F, Lingual chamfer and facial shoulder are prepared on half the tooth. D, Occlusal reduction is complete. Suggested Burs for Preparation of Full Metal Crowns / PFM / All-Ceramic Crowns . Available in 3 sizes. A detailed look at all aspects regarding tooth preparation can help to improve clinical results in everyday practice. For example, metal crowns can be as thin as 1.5 mm on their chewing surface whereas PFM crowns need to be at least 2 mm thick. REFERENCES A, Depth holes. As is evident from the photos, the porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crown prep axial walls should be slightly deeper than for zirconia or metal (1.5 mm) to accommodate 0.3–0.5 mm of metal substructure and the fused or pressed ceramic veneering material. C, Half of the occlusal reduction is completed. e) Greater tooth reduction is needed. Preparation of a maxillary premolar for a metal-ceramic crown. PrepCheck ®, the revolutionary prep-marking system, promotes adequate reduction allowing ideal thickness of the final restoration and ensures superior strength and aesthetics.PrepCheck’s ® special coating marks the tooth in areas that need to be reduced. Complete Metal Crown – Tooth Preparation Review • A chamfer finish line that is 0.3 – 0.5 mm in depth • Axial reduction with 10 to 20 degrees of total occlusal convergence • Reduction for occlusal clearance of 1.0 – 1.5 mm • Auxiliary axial resistance form features as needed • Rounding of all line angles; 43. The occlusal reduction should be at least 1.5 mm and preferably 2.0 mm for the same reason.