http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Rojas-Sandoval J, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2015. The wood is light and soft and is used for light work, carving and turnery (Yaplito, 2001). Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. In the Bismarck Archipelago, the fresh nut is scraped and applied directly to a sore. Year 2006 ISBN Description Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.]. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. The bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[658. Fruit dispersed by floating, broadly pyramidal, smooth, 9-11 cm, apex tapering and crowned by calyx; pericarp spongy, fibrous, green at first than turning brown when ripe and floats on water. Backaches and sore joints can be treated using … http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, USDA-ARS, 2014. It can be found at Singapore Botanic Gardens. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life. Butonica speciosum (J.R.Forst. Barringtonia asiatica on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet. The next morning, flowers are also visited by bees (Polunin, 1987). Biological Invasions. Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia (PDF online downloadable). Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Barringtonia (family Lecythidaceae). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. World Checklist of Lecythidaceae. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Barringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); spent flowers. http://www.flowersofindia.net/, Govaerts R; Tulig M, 2014. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Fine ray pattern usually visible in the inner blaze. In Indo-China the young fruits are consumed as a vegetable after prolonged cooking. August, 2009. The specific name racemosa refers to the long racemes on which the flowers and fruit are borne.B. County Nursery Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Lecythidaceae. It is often planted as a shade tree along boulevards and avenues along the sea. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. The genus Barringtonia includes 70 species restricted to the Old World (Stevens, 2012). Barringtonia asiatica: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: LECYTHIDACEAE: English name: Sea poison tree: Local name: Mudilla (මූදිල්ල) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: Tree, to 30 m tall; twigs with large leaf scars. Barringtonia asiatica. Britten. & G.Forst.) Rep. Forest Pegu App. & G.Forst. Polunin I, 1987. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Islands use liquid from the crushed bark of Barringtonia asiatica to treat stomach-aches, the top leaves fr om this tree are squeezed into water and the liquid taken orall y. A list of the common names for Barringtonia asiatica reveals its preferred habitat and economic uses: sea poison tree, fish poison tree, fish-killer tree, queen of the shores, sea putat, etc. Description; Distribution; Uses; Citation; Description. Phylogenetic relationships of Lecythidaceae: a cladistic analysis using rbcL sequence and morphological data. PROTA, 2014. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. •Antitumor / Phytochemicals: Study evaluated the biological activity of the seeds of Barringtonia asiatica using the brine shrimp hatchability and lethality assay. B. asiatica is native to tropical coasts and islands of the Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean. http://www.proseanet.org, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. August, 2009. Usage: Barringtonia asiatica or Poison Fish is a food plant for moth larvae of Dasychira spp. with help from A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. Anderberg AA; Rydin C; Källersjö M, 2002. Scientific name: Barringtonia asiatica Family: Lecythidaceae Group members: 1) Nursyahirah Binti Mohd Dinear (182350) 2) Nor Farahin Binti Azizi (182739) Universiti Putra Malaysia. In some areas of the Pacific, the seed is crushed, mixed with water and added to tidal pools to stupefy fish for easier catching. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Latin Barringtonia, after Hon. The genus Barringtonia contains 56 species and is named after Daines Barrington, an 18th century botanist, jurist and antiquary. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Barringtonia asiatica. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Kairo M; Ali B; Cheesman O; Haysom K; Murphy S, 2003. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. B. asiatica is a widespread tree present in coastal areas in India, Africa, Asia, Melanesia and the West Indies. 2006. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Kew Gardens 'World Checklist' link : Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz, Prelim. Barringtonia comprises about 50 species which occur from tropical and subtropical regions of East Africa (1 species) and Madagascar (2 ... Bark, leaves and fruits of B. asiatica are used for treating sores. September, 2006. Plants within the family Lecythidaceae (sensu lato) are characterized by alternate, simple leaves, perfect flowers, cortical bundles in the stem, numerous stamens, three-aperturate pollen, axile placentation, and a bitegmic-tenuinucellate ovule (Morton et al., 1997). Butonica speciosa (J.R.Forst. In Australia, the aborigines use the plant as a fish poison and sometimes to alleviate headache. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Yaplito MA, 2001. Calyx undivided, rupturing at anthesis into 2 or 3 unequal, rounded or acuminate, persistent lobes 3-4 × 2-3 cm and a tube 3-5 mm. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez (2015), http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Code created in: 1996-10-28. It has been introduced into East Africa, Hawaii, and the West Indies, where it has naturalized. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Flower buds 2-4 cm in diam. 7.1 Potential Pests and Diseases; 8 Ecology; 9 History and Human Connection. Online Database. Basic information. Common name . The chromosome number reported for B. asiatica is 2n = 26 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz . Barringtonia asiatica. Butonica speciosa (J.R.Forst. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Lecythidaceae. Flora of China. Comments. In Asia and the Pacific Ocean, B. asiatica is commonly associated with Intsia bijuga, Hibiscus tilliaceus and Calophyllum inophyllum close to the beach. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. The seeds have been used ground to a powder to stun or kill fish for easy capture, suffocating the fish without affecting the flesh. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Kairo M, Ali B, Cheesman O, Haysom K, Murphy S, 2003. These fruit are often found washed up on the beach. A traditional skirt, Nanumea Atoll, Tuvalu, made using the leaves of this plant. Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Ericales, Lecythidaceae, Barringtonia. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use … Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); fallen flowers. Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Fruits can float and remain viable for many months, Grown along streets for decorative and shade purposes in some parts of India. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. It is a mangrove tree native to the Old World, with a distribution across the tropical areas of Asia and extending into the Pacific islands, northern Australia, southern Taiwan and tropical Africa. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Ovary 4-loculed, 5-9 mm; ovules 4 or 5 per locule; style 11-13 cm. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Stamens in 6 whorls; tube 1.5-6 mm; filaments and style white, red-tipped; outer filaments 7-9 cm. Squalene, A natural triterpene for use in disease management and therapy. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Kurz, W.S. 6.1 When to plant; 7 Tree care. Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. Barringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); habit. A. If you would like to support this site, please consider. Title Food Plants of Papua New Guinea Publication Author French. & G.Forst. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Yaplito MA, 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in the order Ericales s.l. http://www.proseanet.org, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. by Valkenburg JLCH, van Bunyapraphatsara N]. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. B.R. 61 (15), 1412–26. Flowers of India. Traditional uses and benefits of Barringtonia Various parts of the tree are used in folkloric medicine in its native area of habitation. References. Even when B. asiatica is an almost exclusively littoral species, in some localities trees may grow further inland on calcareous hills or cliffs (Yaplito, 2001). World Checklist of Lecythidaceae., London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It was also considered a fish killer; this has been identified as a source of Natural products with potentials as an antitumor. Fruit bats and night-flying moths are attracted to its flowers and act as pollinators. County Nursery Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); mature, fallen fruit. Traditional usages of ichthyotoxic plant Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. In the Philippines, its leaves have been topically applied against rheumatism and the seeds as a vermifuge. Fruiting trees and especially the flowers of Erythrina orientalis are important feeding sources for an array of wildlife. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. In: PROSEA base, [ed. Fresh fruit is scraped and applied topically to sores in Bismarck Archipelago. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); leaves and fruit. Asian Barringtonia; Beach Barringtonia; Mango Bark; Mango Pine; Pine, Mango; Barringtonia. Barringtonia asiatica. & G.Forst.) Lecythidaceae. In the Philippines, the leaves of B. asiatica are heated and externally applied for stomach-ache. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). ex F.M. Lam. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Fish Poison Tree, Fish Killer Tree, Sea Poison Tree, Mango Pine, Mangobark, Putat, Sea Putat, Asian Barringtonia, Beach Barringtonia Barringtonia thrives around brackish water, near lagoons, and along the coast, and is occasionally planted in Hawai'i. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Rojas-Sandoval J; Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Stevens PF, 2012. Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree: There is currently one individual of Barringtonia asiatica listed as Heritage Tree in Singapore. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register. ) Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. PROTA4U web database. However, considering that B. asiatica has a great dispersal capability and its fruits can remain viable and floating on the sea for many months, the likelihood of reaching and colonizing new coastal areas is high. The large flowers (stamens are about 10cm) bloom at night and fall off the following day. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. 1192 pp. Plants and Flowers of Singapore., Singapore: Times Editions, 68 pp. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flowers of India, 2014. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. B. asiatica colonizes coastal areas where it competes with native coastal and mangrove related vegetation and eventually grows out of suppression. PROTA4U web database., [ed. 1 Common Names; 2 Family; 3 Description; 4 Native Areas; 5 Preferred growing conditions. The risk of introduction of B. asiatica is moderate. & G.Forst. Fresh leaves are topically applied against rheumatism, and the seeds are employed as a vermifuge. Rep. Forest Pegu (1875) NCBI link: Barringtonia asiatica; The Plant List link: Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz (Source: KewGarden WCSP) Tropicos link: Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz ; IUCN: Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz (old web site) (Least Concern) Trees, 7-20(-30) m tall. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. web interface by Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica) is a salt-tolerant landscape tree, commonly associated with coastal areas, with a natural range extending from tropical Africa, through India to Southeast Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. by Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van \Bunyapraphatsara, N.]. Racemes mostly terminal, erect, 5-15 cm, 5-10(-20)-flowered; bracts ovate, 8-20 mm; bracteoles triangular, 1.5-5 mm. Many of the common names of this species reflect its use as a fish poison. Barringtonia edulis is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 15 metres tall. Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst. The large flowers (stamens are about 10cm) bloom at night and fall off the following day. Ajna Fern Britten, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. racemosa is the only indigenous species of this genus occurring in South Africa. Stem. (1875) Preliminary Report on the Forest and Other Vegetation of Pegu: . Adv Drug Deliv Rev. It is a common plant in mangroves and wetlands on islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans (Polunin, 1987; Yaplito, 2001; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Report to the Nature Conservancy. Leaves sessile, obovate to obovate-oblong, 20-40 × 10-20 cm, leathery, shiny, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse or broadly rounded. August, 2009. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures 4(2), 76–80. 132 pp. Leaves. Agasta asiatica (L.) Miers, Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Botany ser. Barringtonia Asiatica plant . 5.1 Hardiness; 6 How to plant. India, Sri Lanka, Indochina (Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam), Malesia, China (Taiwan), Tanzania, Madagascar, New Guinea, Australia. Ken Fern, Daines Barrington (1727–1800), English naturalist; Latin racemosa, flowers growing in racemes, referring to the plant’s racemous flowering shoot consisting of a central axis with stalked flowers along it with the youngest at the tip and the older ones progressively lower: Ethnobotanical Uses B. asiatica grows in sandy and rocky beaches in wet tropical, moist topical and wet subtropical climatic zones with uniform rainfall pattern. B. asiatica is a widespread tree present in coastal areas in India, Africa, Asia, Melanesia and the West Indies. Ross, I. Barringtonia speciosa J.R.Forst. Giesen, Wim and Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten. The oldest botanical records at the US National Herbarium report the occurrence of large trees of B. asiatica for the islands of Antigua in 1913 and Haiti in 1926. B. asiatica grows as a mangrove associate in coastal locations including sandy and rocky seashores, coral-sand flats, and mangrove swamp from sea level up to 350 m altitude. The seeds have been used ground to a powder to stun or kill fish for easy capture, suffocating the fish without affecting the flesh. 9.1 Uses; 10 References; Common Names. It grows in rainforest near the sea. Biological Invasions. Barringtonia asiatica was commonly used in various country of the world for treatment of liver disorder, diarrheal disease, eye disease, as well as antifungal and antibacterial, as well as chest pains and heart troubles. An infusion of the leaves and bark of B. calyptrata (Miers) R.Br. This species is included in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012), and at present it has only been listed as invasive for the Dominican Republic (Kairo et al., 2003). http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flowers of India, 2014. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. Pde po ba sa may arthritis . The dried nut is ground, mixed with water and drunk to treat coughs, influenza, sore throat and bronchitis. Richard Morris. • Young leaves or fruit, eat fresh or pound it until some water comes out and consume to relieve stomach acid reflux. Publisher Author. EPPO Code: BGTAS ; Preferred name: Barringtonia asiatica ; Authority: (Linnaeus) Kurz ; Notes. In Fiji, a decoction of the leaves is used to treat hernias and a decoction of the bark to treat constipation and epilepsy. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. It grows on sandy and rocky shore areas and has lantern shaped seeds, locally called Kinyav used during the calm season in shallow and low tide waters for killing fishes, octopus, etc. PROSEA base [ed. & G.Forst. Flowers of India., http://www.flowersofindia.net/, Govaerts R, Tulig M, 2014. [Others]: Oil extracts from the seeds are used as an illuminant. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Online Database. Leaves 15-40 x 10-18 cm, with almost no petiole. August, 2009. B. asiatica grows in coastal coral soils with pH 5.1 - 8.5 and tolerates shallow, saline and infertile soils. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Pedicel 5-9 cm. Common Name: Fish Poison tree. Fish Poison Tree, Sea Poison Tree Family . The record derives from iPlants which reports it as an accepted name (record 313402) with original publication details: Prelim. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Barringtonia asiatica (BGTAS) Menu. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf, PROTA, 2014. Huttum speciosum (J.R.Forst. RAP publication 2006/07 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Bangkok. Usually a short-boled poorly formed tree with a coarsely flaky bark. It has large four sided fruit resembling a bishop's hat. Common Name: Fish Poison tree. Seeds oblong, 4-5 cm long. The Barringtonia asiatica is a medium size tree commonly found in Car Nicobar Island known for its ichthyotoxic property. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. American Journal of Botany, 89(4):677-687. Reddy, L. H. & Couvreur, P. (2009). Content. Published: 2020-11-20 Pollen Description Shape, Size and Aperture. August, 2009. These fruit are often found washed up on the beach. Leaves are heated and applied externally for stomach-ache in Philippines. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, USDA-ARS, 2014. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. The middle layer is spongy (like the coconut) and contains air sacs to help the fruit float (Polunin, 1987; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Within and outside its native distribution range, B. asiatica produces flowers and fruits almost all year-round (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). 2002). Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Mix it with lime juice and apply as first aid for snakebite. Anthesis is nocturnal; flowers are showy and fragrant and attract large moths and nectar-feeding bats. cures skin desease. This species does not tolerate frost and prefer areas with warm temperatures (20 - 35°C). BARRINGTONIA SPECIOSA [BARRINGTONIA ASIATICA] Courtesy of ArtVintage1800s.etsy.com. Kamalii Park Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. • Use dried trunk and grind it into powder. (2003). • The smoke of burning dried fruit can be used as mosquito repellent. It can also be found in gardens and city parks where it is grown along streets for decorative and shade purposes. : analyses of molecular data from five genes from the plastid and mitochondrial genomes. Barringtonia speciosa J.R.Forst. Record from Prosea base. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf. Home > Papua New Guinea > Lae > Barringtonia Asiatica plant . American Journal of Botany, 84(4):530-540. Branches stout; bark fissured. Externally it is applied to wounds and a swollen spleen after an attack of malaria. Many of the common names of this species reflect its use as a fish poison. Morton CM; Mori SA; Prance GT; Karol KG; Chase MW, 1997. This species produces fruits that can survive on the sea for long distances and for periods up to 2 years, facilitating its dispersal capability (Polunin, 1987; Yaplito, 2001). In Indonesia and the Philippines, the fruit or seed is used as a fish poison. Barringtonia Asiatica, Sea Poison Tree, Pokok Putat Laut, Senggigi, Lombok Indonesia ©Sekitar and Thyas honesta. Lam. In the West Indies, B. asiatica was probably introduced late in the 1800s. A: lxv 1875. It grows in rainforest near the sea. This family is confined to tropical regions where it is best developed in warm and very humid areas. Contents. Distribution. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); habit. Overview → Photos; Overview . It has large four sided fruit resembling a bishop's hat. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Barringtonia asiatica (Barringtonia, hotu, hutu, shaving brush tree); fallen fruits. Record from Prosea base. Barringtonia asiatica. The database and code is licensed under a The genus Barringtonia includes 70 species restricted to the Old World (Stevens, 2012). September, 2006. Description. Results showed high biological activity in both assays and suggests the possibility that botong seeds contain compounds that can be used to treat cancers and tumors. Casuarina equisetifolia is able to establish on barren sand. & G.Forst.) Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. Leaves: Inflorescences terminal or subterminal racemes, erect, 2-20 cm long, with 3-20 flowers; Flowers with pedicels 4-8 cm; Fruits ovate, 8.5-11 by 8.5-10 cm, tapering to apex, sharply tetragonous to the emarginated base. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Currently, Lecythidaceae is included within the order Ericales, and in spite of the fact that its position within the clade is not well-defined, is considered monophyletic (Anderberg et al. Lecythidaceae is a pantropical family of trees and shrubs comprising 25 genera and about 340 species (Stevens, 2012). Petals 4, white, ovate or elliptic, 5-6 cm. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. B. asiatica is a large tree, 7 to 25 m tall, growing as a mangrove associate on sandy and rocky shores. Dominating tree species are Barringtonia asiatica, Calophyllum inophyllum, Terminalia catappa, Pongamia pinnata, Pandanus tectorius and Hibiscus tiliaceus. & G.Forst.) The cooked fruits to remove the saponins are edible.
2020 barringtonia asiatica uses